Nanotechnology is a rapidly growing field that involves nearly every technological subject, from chemistry to computer science, in the study and use of ultra-small materials. It is the study of nanometer-scale robotics and building. The assembler is the core technology underlying this branch of engineering: a device that can build structured substances one atom at a time. The assembler creates additional machines that can do any task for which they have been designed and have the necessary energy supply. It is concerned with the study of extremely small particles and can be used to any other discipline of research, including chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering. It is a fast growing field of study with enormous promise to transform our lives and to provide technological solutions to our problems in agriculture, energy, the environment and medicine. Nanotechnology was born as a result of outstanding development and success in the fields of artificial intelligence and molecular technology. The Nanotech engineer specialises in developing atomic-scale functional structures, which necessitates a thorough understanding of quantum physics, chemistry, robotics, and mechanical engineering. He’s also familiar with disassembly procedures, which include dismantling a structure step by step and mapping the position of each atom. Due of the great threat of deadly technology, study in this subject is strictly controlled, and most research is conducted in remote regions such as outer space.

Nature of Work

  • To research and analyse nano-scale systems, design and perform experiments
  • extrapolate data to come up with ideas to explain experimental outcomes
  •  Build complicated instrumentation to run or design and build based on results, design and create novel materials, goods, or devices arrange for product testing or material
  • write applications for funding
  • teach or lecture students or trainees
  • create novel ways to improve existing goods or procedures
  •  Keep current with developments in your field of study and broader research by reading specialised literature and attending meetings
  •   Present new results at departmental, institutional, or national meetings and conferences, including higher-level presentations to a range of audiences at higher levels, manage a research team (including technicians and support staff) or a group of research students.

Scope of Nanotechnology

It has a global reach, including in Pakistan. When compared to IT and the Internet, it is the third most rapidly growing sector. Jobs as nanotechnologists, experts, or scientists are available. Biotechnology, agriculture, food, genetics, space research, medicine, and other fields are all possible places for a nanotechnologist to work. Candidates having a Ph.D. can also work as professors at Universities and colleges or research fields.

How to become a nanotechnologist

For an undergraduate programme in nanotechnology, a candidate must pass intermediate in the scientific stream with a minimum of 50% in the courses concerned in the aggregate. A bachelor’s degree in nanotechnology, nanoscale engineering, or nanoscience is generally required to work as a nanotechnologist in an entry-level research position such as laboratory assistant. A doctorate degree in nanotechnology is required if you wish to work as a senior-level researcher. A doctoral degree programme in nanotechnology is generally required if you wish to direct research or become a faculty member at a university or institution.

 Best Universities

  • University of Punjab (Lahore)
  • Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • Government College University (Faisalabad)
  • University of Engineering and Technology (Lahore)
  • National University of Science and Technology (Islamabad)

For more details on institutes offering nanotechnology as a program, visit

Job Opportunities

The common job areas for nanotechnology are listed below, where a nanotechnologist can easily get employ

  • Forensics
  • Auto Industries
  • Aerospace Industries
  • Nanotechnology Industries
  • High Tech Arm Industries
  • Pharmaceutical Industries
  • Robotic Industries
  • Scientific Laboratories
  • Research Laboratories
  • Electronics  Industry
  • Manufacturing Industries
  • Biotechnology
  • Medical Fields
  • Universities

Qualities and skills required

  • Technical and scientific skills
  • Research minded
  • Ability to think out of the box and innovatively
  • The ability to deal with difficult issues both methodically and creatively
  •  the ability to produce reports and articles for publication
  • Communication and presentation skills
  • The ability to utilise computer-controlled equipment
  • Collaboration and project management abilities
  • Attention to detail
  • Self-motivation and patience


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