CSS Introduction

Central Superior Service (CSS) is a countrywide competitive exam conducted by Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC), Government of Pakistan.  Those who are Goal-oriented and want to take part in civil services, appear in high competitive exam organized by the federal public service commission. If you’re thinking about taking the CSS Exam, this blog will be a good place to start. It contains all of the necessary information to make the process understandable for you.

These exams are based on four main types of tests in order to quantify knowledge, skills and mental abilities of the candidate.

  • Written Test
  • Medical Test 
  • Psychological Test
  • Viva Voce

Let’s get to know a little more about these tests.

  1. Written TEST

The series of written tests in CSS Exams are based on 12 papers, out of which 6 papers are compulsory and the remaining ones are optional. To qualify in compulsory papers you need 40% marks and 33% marks for optional ones. Only the candidates declared qualified in the written examination and found eligible shall be called for medical examination, psychological assessment and viva voce.

You can pick from the list of optional papers specified by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) according to your preferred educational discipline.


Once you get done with your writing test, the next for you as a CSS student is to undergo a medical test. The purpose of medical test is to check the physical health of the candidate. Candidates who fail to fulfil medical requirements will not be chosen.

In case of a disabled candidate, the disability certificates, which should be issued by a recognized authority, must be submitted beforehand. Upon special request, physically impaired candidates can also be provided with a helper who can assist them during exams. 

Pro Tip: It is suggested for candidates to have a thorough medical examination by a well-reputed medical institution before appearing in the CSS Exam.


The psychological test in CSS Examination is designed to judge the mental aptness, attitudinal aspects and behavioural traits of the candidates with regards to their competency to undergo civil services. To pass Viva Voce, which is basically an interview to assess the intelligence and readiness of mind of a CSS candidate, you must possess good general knowledge and communication skills.  All candidates are expected to have basic knowledge regarding Islam and Pakistan. Questions may be asked in the viva voce on these subjects.  Viva voce shall be of 300 marks. A candidate who fails to secure at least 100 marks in viva voce will be considered as failed and will not be eligible for appointment.

Final Merit & Announcement of Result

The candidates who qualify in written examination and viva voce, their final merit shall be determined by adding marks obtained in the written examination and viva voce.

When total marks of written examination and viva voce of more than one candidate are equal, the one who gets more marks in viva voce shall be treated as higher in merit. If marks in viva voce are also equal, the one who gets more marks in compulsory subjects shall be treated as higher in merit. If marks in compulsory subjects are also equal the one who is older in age shall be treated as higher in merit.

No authority, accept the Commission shall be authorized to announce the result.


Candidates securing the highest places on the combined will be recommended by the Commission in order of merit up to the number of vacancies available. However, appointments are made by the respective appointing authorities.

Success in the examination does not confirm appointment. Appointments shall be made only after the appointing authority is satisfied that the candidate is suitable in all respects for appointment.

Candidates are considered for those Occupational Groups and Services only which they indicate in the application form. Candidates are given a chance to revise their choice of Occupational Groups and Services at the time of the viva voce.

The Commission reserves the right to allocate a candidate against any Occupational Group and Service irrespective of his preferences, in the public interest.