The study of the structure of society and its enduring patterns of social relations is sociology’s primary mission. Sociology studies human conduct from the perspective of the history and the anatomy or structure of the groups. It focuses on how people coordinate their activities to reach individual and collective goals through the development of roles, meanings, and norms that make behavior reciprocally predictable and organized. Sociology investigates questions such as how such patterns of interdependent activity originate and what sustains them, why they take one shape instead of another, how some societies change more rapidly than others, how groups are related to each other, and how people justify and explain what they are doing. The patterns are learned as customary behavior and institutional practices.

The sociological perspective is closely linked to comparative historical and cross-cultural studies of social institutions and to psychological studies of human interaction in a wide range of social, economic, educational, religious, familial, and political settings.

Scope of Sociology

Sociologists are leading the way in this effort as the Pakistani society has grown more susceptible to a variety of social issues for which social scientists are developing the necessary scientific tools to address the social pathologies. However, over the past 20 years, academia and international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) have put in a lot of effort and brainstorming for the relief of social issues and improvement of the socio-economic standing of the general public. This endeavor combines theory and application, and sociology as a discipline excels at both.

To fill the gap in Pakistani society and develop social policies to address current issues, there is an urgent need for such qualified social scientists and sociologists.

Graduates of sociology programs take part in initiatives that aim to promote national development. Sociology graduates are actively involved in community development, rural development, population planning, social mobilization, and rural health programs. The Department’s training program prepares its students to make valuable contributions to the nation’s development.

Additionally, the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) and the Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC) periodically invite graduates to apply for positions as lecturers, supervisors, and social welfare officers across the nation.

Nature of work

Sociologists typically do the following:

  • Create research initiatives to test social issue theories.
  • Gather information using surveys, observations, interviews, and other methods.
  • Analyze data and draw conclusions.
  • Prepare summaries of their research findings in reports, articles, or presentations.
  • Discuss research findings and sociological issues with other social scientists, policymakers, or other groups.
  • Consult and advise clients, decision-makers, or other groups on sociological issues and research findings

How to become a sociologist

After earning a degree in sociology, one can apply to police training, law schools, PR courses, and journalism academies. The requirement for admission into the BS Sociology program is the completion of the 12th standard or an equivalent degree from any HEC recognized institution. Although a bachelor’s in social policy, political sociology, or social research is sufficient, but an advanced degree in sociology is required to advance in this career.

University offering sociology in Pakistan

There are a large number of universities in Pakistan which are offering Sociology at Bachelors and MS Level in Pakistan. These are some of the universities that offer Sociology

  • Quaid-e-azam University
  • University Of Karachi
  • University Of The Punjab
  • Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  • The Islamia University Of Bahawalpur
  • Gomal University

 For details on institutes offering sociology in Pakistan, visit

Required skills for Sociology

In addition to educational qualification many personal attributes are also required for a career in this subject area. The prerequisites for a career in Sociology are
  • Detail-oriented
  • Interpersonal and critical thinking skills
  • Logical reasoning
  • Time management
  • Active listening
  • Excellent conversational abilities.
  • Optimism
  • Tolerance
  • Empathy 

Job Prospects & Career Options

These professions and professional organizations illustrate the types of positions you might qualify for if you complete this degree. However, Some programmes are more directly related to employment than others. You should consider the likelihood of employment after graduation carefully, if you do not plan to go on for graduate work in a field. Even with the completion of graduate work in some fields, however, employment is difficult, so you should determine what the prospects are for this or any programme. Employment possibilities are often enhanced by the selecting employment-related courses.

  • Applied Sociologist
  • Business
  • Counseling
  • Demographer/Planner
  • Journalism
  • Political Research
  • Social Service
  • Teaching


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