The study of collecting, processing, and conveying information about the composition and structure of matter is known as analytical chemistry. To put it another way, it’s the art and science of figuring out what matter is and how much of it there is. Analytical chemists are scientists who study and evaluate the chemical composition and behaviour of a wide range of substances. Analytical chemists examine and identify different elements or compounds to determine the structure, composition, and nature of substances. Analytical chemists use a variety of methods to analyse materials, including electrochromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography, and spectroscopy. They also look at the connections and interactions between the various components of a compound. Some analytical chemists specialise on creating novel analytical methods and procedures. Food safety, medicines, and pollution control are just a few of the applications of their study.

Nature of work

From healthcare to petroleum, analytical chemists are responsible for overseeing chemical, physical, and analytical laboratory tests such as titrations, acid/base functional group studies, viscometry, water analyses, and other testing of known and novel materials. He or she will also be required to:

  • Plan and carry out complicated analytical and physical chemistry tests in accordance with the laboratory’s standard operating procedures.
  • To solve problems, use testing skills, extensive chemical understanding, statistical techniques, reasoning, and creativity.
  •  Communicate findings to a variety of stakeholders.
  • Identify potential difficulties and plan ahead of time to handle them.
  • To promote development in the area, build partnerships across cultures and locations.
  • Ensure that all reagents and solutions are produced according to SOPs.
  • Ensure that all equipment is calibrated to ensure accuracy, precision, and dependability.
  • Ensure that equipment is calibrated to confirm accuracy, reliability and precision
  • Interpret and document all test results including calculations and observations in lab documentation
  • Review peers’ analytical data for accuracy and integrity
  • Alert the Chemist-in-charge of unusual test results and of any difficulties or problems encountered during the performance of duties

How to become an analytical chemist

To get an entry-level job as an analytical chemist, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree in chemistry, physics, or a related subject. Work-study programmes or internships that provide significant lab experience are highly recommended. Most Analytical Chemists engaged in research, on the other hand, must earn a master’s degree or a Ph.D. in order to advance. Analytical chemistry is a branch of chemistry that is generally pursued during graduate school.

Work experience is also highly crucial in this profession for growth. A Ph.D. and significant laboratory experience are likely to be required for leadership roles.

For details on institutes offering analytical chemistry, visit

Job opportunities

Work can be found in a diverse range of scientific industries and typical employers include:

  • agrochemical companies
  • biotechnology or contract research organisations
  • chemical and polymer manufacturers
  • environmental agencies
  • food companies
  • government agencies
  • hospital laboratories
  • multidisciplinary consultancy or testing companies
  • petrochemical companies
  • pharmaceutical companies
  • public health laboratories.


  • Confidence and motivation to research and tackle difficult challenges
  • Presentation abilities and the ability to explain technical knowledge to non-technical individuals
  • The capacity to prioritise and plan work to fulfil needs established by the department, company, or external customera good standard of numeracy and skills in data analysis
  • IT and technology skills to work with advanced techniques
  • Creativity and the ability to use initiative for independent work
  • Effective teamworking skills
  • A flexible and methodical approach to work.


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