Physics is the study of nature’s fundamental rules, such as the qualities of energy and matter, as well as their interactions. Physicists’ main objective is to develop unified theories that accurately anticipate all phenomena in the universe. The physicist will be well-versed in the mathematical relationships that describe these natural forces. He will be particularly knowledgeable in the field of classical mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, relativity, and quantum mechanics. He is likely to focus mainly on acoustics, fluids, optics, lasers, cryogenics, superconductivity, condensed matter, solid-state physics, atomic and molecular physics, nuclear physics, plasmas, spectroscopy, elementary particles, superstring and hyperspace theory, gauge theory, gravity, and high energy physics. Physicists’ theories have been effectively utilised in a variety of scientific areas, including chemistry, biology, astronomy, geology, and engineering. Physicists use mathematics, statistics, computing technologies, and experimentation to understand the physical forces of nature and the rules of the cosmos. They aim to recreate and find new physical laws and energies on a routine basis.

Nature of work

  • Conduct study into the natural world’s forces, structures, and phenomena.
  • Concentrate research efforts within the areas of physics on a specified specialty field.
  • Plan and direct the course of research and experiments in order to collect and analyse important data.
  • Create a hypothesis for each study based on the technique and goals.
  •  Examine the outcomes of the experiment and conduct quality tests.
  • Create reports and presentations based on the findings.
  • Assist and contribute to technical research publications.
  •  According to the curriculum, lecture and teach pupils about the rules of physics.

Potential areas of specialization include

  • Nuclear physics

Nuclear physics is the branch of physics concerned with the study of atomic nuclei, their components, and interactions, as well as other types of nuclear matter. Atomic physics, which examines the atom as a whole, including its electrons, is not to be confused with nuclear physics. Nuclear physics discoveries have led to applications in a variety of disciplines. This covers nuclear energy, as well as nuclear weapons. This includes nuclear power, nuclear weapons, nuclear medicine and magnetic resonance imaging, industrial and agricultural isotopes, materials engineering ion implantation, and geology and archaeology radiocarbon dating. Such applications are studied in the field of nuclear engineering.

  • Biophysics

Biophysics is an interdisciplinary discipline that studies biological processes using physics-based techniques and methodologies. Biophysics is concerned with biological organisation at all scales, from the molecular to the organismic and population levels. Many life-saving therapies and equipment, such as renal dialysis and radiation therapy, owe their creation to biophysics.

Other fields include

  • Astrophysics
  • Particle physics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Meteorology
  • Aerospace dynamics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Quantum physics
  • Relativity
  • Geophysics

Scope in Pakistan

The number of job options and the income potential of any degree programme may be used to assess its scope. When it comes to the scope of physics in Pakistan, I’d like to tell you that it has a lot of potential because there are several career prospects in the energy, power, engineering, and even nuclear power sectors. Pakistan will require a large number of well-experienced and well-trained minds in the future to conduct research and develop new approaches in the physics field. Even if we have a strong position in the world in terms of physics inventions, there is a gap in our country’s physics development that may be addressed with the aid of new minds. There are vast applications of Physics in academia and development, engineering, medicine, law, business, and military-funded research programmers.

How to become a physicist

To enter in the domain of physics, a bachelor’s degree in physics or engineering physics is essential

Internships and volunteer work in physics-related companies help to make your resume more appealing and opens up additional job chances. In the field of physics, a Master’s degree is preferred for high-level positions. A Ph.D. in related disciplines as in Astrophysics, Quantum, Mathematical or Particle Physics, Thermodynamics or Nanotechnology is necessary for scholarly research.

Top universities

  • Lahore University of Management Sciences
  • Pakistan Institute Of Engineering & Applied Sciences
  • Quaid-e-azam University
  • National University Of Science & Technology
  • Comsats Institute of Information Technology Islamabad
  • University of Punjab
  • University of Karachi
  • Baluchistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences.
  • University of Peshawar

For more details on institutes offering physics as a program, visit

Jobs Opportunities

You will be able to find jobs in Pakistan in the following departments for the different posts as

  • Physics teacher/lecturer or reseacher
  • Quality Supervisor
  • Project Manager
  • Planning and Scheduling Engineer
  • Space Engineering Department
  • Nanotechnologist
  • Nuclear Engineering Department
  • Acoustic Consultant
  • Radiation Protection Practitioner
  • Geophysicist

Qualities required making a career in physics

  • Detail oriented
  • Analyzing skills
  • Technical abilities
  • Creative thinking and innovative skills
  • Conceptual and competent abilities
  • Refined in Mathematical skills
  • Fluency in using scientific equipment.
  • Project and time management capabilities

Practical report writing skills.